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Boeing 737

Boeing 737-300 - Astraeus Boeing 737-300 (G-STRA) landing at Bristol Airport, Bristol, England.
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Type: Commercial

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Information on the 737

The Boeing 737 is the world's most popular medium-range, narrowbody commercial passenger jet aircraft. With 6,160 ordered and 5,009 delivered, it is the most ordered and produced commercial airliner of all time and has been continuously manufactured by Boeing since 1967. The 737 is now so widely used that at any given time, there are over 1,250 airborne worldwide.[1] On average, one takes off or lands every five seconds.

History

The 737 was born out of Boeing's need to field a competitor in the short-range, small capacity jetliner market which had been opened up by the BAC 1-11 and the Douglas DC-9. Boeing was badly behind however when the 737 program was initiated in 1964, as both of these rivals were already into their flight certification programmes. To speed up the development time, Boeing reused as much technology from the existing 707 and 727 as possible, most notably the fuselage. However, one of the wing sets failed when submitted to static test on a bench at 95% of designed maximum load capacity. The wing had to be redesigned, but this provided the aircraft with a superb wing capable of operating both with short runways and high altitude efficiency. Even with the early shortcomings, 737 was cheaper and quicker to design, featuring six-abreast seating compared to the 1-11 and DC-9's five-abreast layout.

The -100 and -200 series are identifiable by their tubular engine nacelles which are integrated into the wing and project both fore and aft of it. The engines used on the Original 737 models are Pratt and Whitney JT8D low-bypass turbofans. The Originals can also be identified by the smoothly curving upsweep of the tail fin - the Classics and NG models have a noticeable "kink" at the base of the fin.

The first 737 (a 100 series) took its maiden flight on April 9, 1967 and entered service in February 1968 with Lufthansa, the first foreign airline to launch a new Boeing plane. The 737-200 made its maiden flight on August 8, 1967. Lufthansa was the only customer to purchase the 737-100 from new and only 30 aircraft were ever produced. The lengthened 737-200 was widely preferred and was produced until 1988. The launch customer of the 737-200 was United Airlines. The inaugural flight for United was flown on April 28, 1968 from Chicago O'Hare (ORD) to Grand Rapids, Michigan. (GRR) United B-737-200 N9003U flew this first 737 revenue flight. After aircraft #135, an important improvement was applied to the subsequent units and mod kits made available for the precedents: the less efficient 727-style thrust reversers was replaced by exclusive target thrust reversers designed in conjunction with Rohr, but such modification cost US$24 million to Boeing.

In the early 1980s the 737 had its first major facelift. The biggest change was the usage of CFM International CFM56 engines in place of the JT8Ds. The CFM56 is a high-bypass turbofan and thus its diameter was larger than the previous P&W unit, so the engine was slung underneath the wing rather than built into it. This posed a problem as the 737's limited ground clearance (a trait of the 707-derived fuselage) meant that the gearbox and accessories normally fitted to the bottom of the engine had to be fitted to the side ? giving the cowling the fattened hamster cheek appearance that is often confused with a flattening of the nacelle geometry (this actually increased efficiency, Boeing found). At the same time, the 737 gained a partial glass cockpit from the 757 and 767. The first 737-300 entered service in 1984.
Winglets can now be seen on many Boeing 737NG passenger jets, improving efficiency and takeoff performance
Enlarge
Winglets can now be seen on many Boeing 737NG passenger jets, improving efficiency and takeoff performance

By the 1990s, the 737 had lost ground technologically to the newer Airbus A320. In 1993, Boeing initiated the 737-X or Next Generation (NG) program.

The Next-Generation 737 encompasses the -600, -700, -800 and -900, and amounted to a complete redesign of the 30-year old airliner. The 737NG is an entirely new aircraft, sharing very little with previous 737s, other than fuselage frames. New wings, new avionics and revised engines were the biggest engineering changes. The 737 was given a glass cockpit with CRT screens (except the -900, which had newer and higher tech LCD screens) and digital systems inspired by the ones that were used on the 777. A new interior was designed for the Next-Generation 737, again borrowing heavily from the 777. The parts count is down by about 33%, reducing weight and simplifying maintenance. Additional changes since its introduction include a new interior and performance enhancing winglets which reduce fuel consumption and improve take-off and climb performance.

In 2001, the 737 was stretched one more time to create the 737-900, which is in fact longer and carries more passengers than the 707, and steps into the capacity of the 757-200. As a result of weak demand Boeing closed the 757 line in 2004. Early in 2005, the 737 lost its distinctive "eyebrow" windows in the cockpit - once a requirement in the 1960s due to the FAA certification requirement for a minimum windscreen area and also to offer increased visibility in banking maneuvers but all now deemed unnecessary, and a retrofit kit will be offered to remove the windows on existing aircraft.

Starting in 2004, short-field performance changes were developed in response to the needs of a Brazilian customer, Gol Transportes A?reos, an airlines that uses the Santos Dumont Regional Airport in Rio de Janeiro with its longest runway having only 4,341 feet (1,323 meters) in length. That runway is short compared to other runways and could not accommodate larger airplanes at higher approach speeds with full payloads.

The modifications made available optionally as the Short Field Performance package on the 737-600, -700 and -800 models are standard equipment for the 737-900ER. These enhancements include a two-position tail skid that enables reduced approach speeds, sealed leading-edge slats that provide increased lift during takeoff, and increased flight spoiler deflection on the ground that improves takeoff and landing performance. Also, payload capability for landing went up 8,000 pounds on the 737-800 and 737-900ER and up 4,000 pounds on the 737-600 and 737-700, while the payload capability for takeoff went up 2,000 pounds on the 737-800 and 737-900ER and up 400 pounds on the 737-600 and 737-700.

The first 737-800 SFP was delivered to GOL in late August 2006. Meanwhile, 11 customers have queued up for deliveries of 250 SFP-packaged models as of 2006.

In July 2005, Boeing announced the 737-900ER (Extended Range), formerly known as the 737-900X. The 737-900ER is the same size as the 737-900, but, with the addition of a pair of exit doors and a flat rear pressure bulkhead, will carry 26 additional passengers, raising the maximum capacity from 189 to 215 in a single-class layout. The first 737-900ER is scheduled for delivery in the first half of 2007. Lion Air will be the launch customer, with an order of 30.

Boeing has also recently announced the 737-700ER (Extended Range). The 737-700ER is the same size as the 737-700, but with the addition of extra fuel tanks and a higher MTOW (Maximum Take-Off Weight). All Nippon Airlines (ANA) will be the launch customer.

Boeing has already hinted that a clean sheet replacement for the 737 (dubbed "Y1") will be the company's next major project after the 787, although it is still unclear if the existing 737 will receive yet one more facelift in the next 7 to 10 years. Currently the "clean sheet replacement" is also known as the 737 RS (Replacement Study).

On February 13, 2006, Boeing reached a milestone by delivering the 5,000th 737 to Southwest Airlines. The 737-700 is the 447th 737 to join the carrier's fleet of all Boeing 737 jets.

Variants

There are 9 variants of the 737 and launched on nine separate occasions. The 737s also fall into three different generations. The "Original" models are the 737-100 and the 737-200. The "Classic" models were the 737-300, the 737-400, and the 737-500. The "Next Generation" variants include the 737-600, the 737-700, the 737-800, and lastly the 737-900. Although there are nine variants of the 737, numerous versions of most exist.

737-100

The initial model was the 737-100, and was the smallest model. It was launched by Lufthansa in 1964 (which, by extension, launched the 737 itself) and entered service in 1968. Only a total of 30 737-100s were ordered and delivered. No 737-100s remain in service or in airworthy condition. The original Boeing prototype (now owned by NASA) is on exhibit in the Museum of Flight in Seattle

737-200

The 737-200 was an extended version of the 737-100, in order to accommodate the U.S. market. United Airlines was the launch customer. It was launched in 1965 and entered service in 1968. The 737-200 was later updated as the 737-200 Advanced, which became the standard production version. The 737-200 Advanced was also available as Convertible and Quick Change variants. In addition, the 737-200 Advanced was also sold as the 737-200 Executive Jet and 737-200HGW (High Gross Weight) variants. These models are quickly heading for extinction owing to poorer fuel efficiency, high noise emissions (despite the vast majority having had their JT8Ds fitted with hush kits) and escalating maintenance costs - although a large number of -200s are still in operation with "second tier" airlines and those of developing countries. These 737s are powered by Pratt & Whitney JT8D low-bypass ratio turbofan engines.

737-200C

This model (C for "Convertible") could be converted between passenger and cargo use. Wien Air Alaska was the launch carrier for this aircraft.

737-200QC

The QC (for "Quick Change") was a further variation of the 737-200C, allowing rapid switching between roles.

In August 2006 a total of 595 Boeing 737-200 aircraft (all versions) were in airline service. Major operators include: Air Alg?rie (11), TAAG Air Angola (10), Nationwide Airlines (12), Air Philippines (15), Alliance Air (11), Batavia Air (16), Mandala Airlines (12), Merpati Nusantara Airlines (12), Sriwijaya Air (15), Aerol?neas Argentinas (23), Aloha Airlines (15), Aviacsa (23), LAN Airlines (10) and Sky Airline (11). Some 132 other airlines operate smaller numbers of the type.[2]

737-300

The 737-300 was the new base model, and was slightly longer than the 737-200. It was launched in 1980 and entered service in 1984. USAir and Southwest Airlines were the launch customers with Jat Airways being the launch customer in Europe. The -300 series avionics were either a mixture of the old "clockwork" dials and EFIS (Electronic Flight Instrumentation System), or more usually, primarily EFIS in nature. Also, the aircraft was re-engined with high-bypass CFM56 series engines. The engines were slightly quieter during takeoffs, etc than the JT8D's used on the 727 and 737-200 and were much more powerful and did not blow black smoke. This model came with an interior similar to the recently launched Boeing 757

In August 2006 a total of 1002 Boeing 737-300 aircraft (all versions) were in airline service. Major operators include: Air China (34), Air New Zealand (14), AirAsia (19), China Eastern Airlines (25), China Southern Airlines (27), Garuda Indonesia (14), Shandong Airlines (14), Thai AirAsia (10), Bmibaby (13), Dba (14), Europe Airpost (11), Jat Airways (10), Jet2.com (20), KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (14), Lufthansa (33), Norwegian Air Shuttle (20), Continental Airlines (48), Gol Transportes A?reos (15), Southwest Airlines (194), United Airlines (64), US Airways (60) and Varig (20). Some 94 other airlines also operate the type but in smaller numbers.[2]

737-400

The 737-400 was stretched beyond the 737-300, primarily to accommodate charter airlines. Piedmont and Pace Airlines were the launch customers. The 400 was launched in 1985 and entering service in 1988 with Piedmont. Alaska Airlines is the largest operator, with 40 aircraft, followed by Malaysia Airlines with 39 aircraft.

The 737-400F is not a model delivered by Boeing but a converted 737-400 to an all cargo aircraft. Alaska Airlines was the first in the world to convert one of their 400s from regular service to an aircraft with the ability to handle 10 pallets. The Airline also plans to convert 4 more into a fixed combi aircraft for half passenger and freight scheduled to enter service starting in September of 2006.

In August 2006 a total of 460 Boeing 737-400 aircraft (all versions) were in airline service. Major operators include: Alaska Airlines (40), US Airways (40), Malaysia Airlines (39), Air One (22), British Airways (19), Garuda Indonesia (19), Qantas (19), Turkish Airlines (17), Japan Transocean Air (16), Lion Air (10), Czech Airlines (12), KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (13) and Olympic Airlines (13).Some 52 other airlines operate smaller numbers of the type.[2]

737-500

The 500 was the last of the second generation of 737s to be developed. It was launched in 1987 and entered service in 1990. With the growth of the 737-300 and 737-400, Boeing introduced the shortened 500 for the airlines replacing the earlier 737-100 and 737-200. It incorporated greater range, better economics, and a more modern looking cabin. The CFM engines were also much less noisy than the lower bypass ratio JT8D engines. The 500 was offered on May 20 1987 and received 20 orders by Braathens SAFE (currently known as SAS Braathens), 13 from Southwest Airlines, 3 from Maersk Air, and 3 from Euralair. It received FAA certification February 12 1990 and introduction into service by Southwest Airlines on February 24 1990. Measuring only 0.5m (1ft,8 in) longer than the 737-200, it would prove to be the ideal substitute for this model in the second generation of the 737. A total of 389 were ordered and delivered. Of these 389, 270 were ordered prior to its first commercial flight, and 119 afterwards.

In August 2006 a total of 367 Boeing 737-500 aircraft were in airline service. Major operators include: Air Nippon (18), Czech Airlines (15), Lufthansa (29), S7 Airlines (10), SAS Braathens (12), Aerol?neas Argentinas (11), Continental Airlines (63), Southwest Airlines (25) and United Airlines (30). Some 44 other airlines also operate the type, but in smaller numbers.[2]

737-600

Along with the 737-700 and 737-800, the 737-600 was one of the three initial 737NG variants. The 737-600 superseded the 737-500. It was launched in 1995 and entered service in 1998. Scandinavian Airlines System was the launch customer, but since then this model has suffered from weak sales, being profitable for airlines on primarily long and thin routes.

The direct Airbus equivalent is the A318. The Boeing 717 held approximately the same number of passengers, but was optimized for regional routes and did not have the range of the 737-600. Production of the 717 has concluded as of mid-2006, leaving the 737-600 as the only 100-passenger market aircraft offered by Boeing.

The 737-600 competes directly with the Airbus A318 and the Embraer 195.

In August 2006 a total of 66 Boeing 737-600 aircraft remain in airline service, with 3 further firm orders. The aircraft is operated by Air Alg?rie (5), Tunisair (7), Air China (6), Flyglobespan (4), Lauda Air (1), Mal?v Hungarian Airlines (6), SAS Braathens (8), Scandinavian Airlines System (18) and WestJet (11, plus 3 firm orders).[2]

737-700

This model was launched by Southwest Airlines in 1993 and entered service in 1998. It has the longest range of any 737 and is a direct competitor to the A319. It usually seats 132 passengers in a two class cabin or 149 in all economy configuration. An executive conversion is offered as the BBJ1 . The BBJ1 is fitted with stronger wings, landing gear from the 737-800, and has increased range (through the use of extra fuel tanks) over the other 737 models. The 737-700 is currently operated by some airlines on premium flights between North America and Europe.

In August 2006 a total of 760 Boeing 737-700 aircraft (all versions) were in airline service, with 422 further firm orders. Major operators include: AeroMexico (28, plus 8 orders), Air China (14), Air Sahara (10), China Eastern Airlines (28, plus 4 orders), China Southern Airlines (16, plus 12 orders), Jet Airways (13), Shenzhen Airlines (10), Virgin Blue (22), Xiamen Airlines (15), EasyJet (32), SAS Braathens (15), Transavia.com (10), AirTran Airways (32, plus 68 orders), Alaska Airlines (22), Continental Airlines (36, plus 46 orders), Copa Airlines (20, plus 5 orders), Gol Transportes A?reos (26), Southwest Airlines (250, plus 122 orders) and WestJet (44, plus 6 orders). Other major firm orders include: All Nippon Airways (39), Garuda Indonesia (18), Dba (10) and SkyEurope (16). Some 29 other operators also operate the type in smaller numbers.[2]

737-700C

This is again a convertible version where the seats can be removed for the plane to carry cargo. There is a large door on the left side of the airplane. The U.S. Navy launched the 737-700C.

737-700ER

Boeing launched this version on January 31, 2006.[3] All Nippon Airways will be the launch customer, with an entry into service date in early 2007. The 737-700ER is essentially a mainline passenger version of the BBJ1 and 737-700IGW. It will offer a range of 5,510 nautical miles, with seating for 126 passengers in a 2-class configuration. A competitor to this model would be the A319LR.

737-800

The 737-800 was a longer version of the 737-700, directly replacing the 737-400. The 800 was launched by Hapag-Lloyd Flug (now Hapagfly) in 1994 and entering service in 1998. An executive conversion is offered as the BBJ2, and the 737-800ERX ("Extended Range") is available as a military variant. For many airlines in the U.S., the 737-800 replaced aging Boeing 727-200 trijets, which featured a similar seating capacity.

The 737-800 seats 162 passengers in a 2-class layout, or 189 in 1-class. It has a range of 5665km (3060 nautical miles) and is powered by CFMI CFM 56-7 engines.

The direct Airbus equivalent is the A320.

In August 2006 a total of 1,026 Boeing 737-800 aircraft were in airline service, with 669 further firm orders. Major operators include: Air Alg?rie (10), Royal Air Maroc (11, plus 13 orders), South African Airways (18), Air China (24, plus 10 orders), China Airlines (12), China Southern Airlines (29, plus 12 orders), Hainan Airlines (18, plus 18 orders), Jet Airways (22, plus 12 orders), Korean Air (14), Qantas (33), Shanghai Airlines (15, plus 5 orders), Virgin Blue (27, plus 11 orders), Air Berlin (35), Air Europa (30, plus 37 orders), Excel Airways (10), Futura International Airways (10, plus 3 orders), Hapagfly (32, plus 3 orders), KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (16, plus 1 order), Pegasus Airlines (12, plus 6 orders), Ryanair (107, plus 142 orders), Sterling Airlines (10), Transavia.com (19, plus 1 order), Turkish Airlines (41, plus 8 orders), American Airlines (77, plus 47 orders), ATA Airlines (12), Continental Airlines (102, plus 7 orders), Delta Air Lines (57, plus 50 orders), Delta Shuttle (14) and Gol Transportes A?reos (11, plus 67 orders). Major orders to be filled include: Air India (18), Air Sahara (10), Japan Airlines (30), SpiceJet (14), Xiamen Airlines(15), Garuda Indonesia (2) and Alaska Airlines (40). Some 47 other airlines also operate smaller numbers of the type.[2]

737-900

In order to better compete with offerings from Airbus, Boeing later introduced the 737-900, which was the longest variant. Alaska Airlines launched the 737-900 in 1997 and entered it into service in 2000. The 900 has only a slightly higher passenger capacity than the -800 due to exit door limitations. This is in contrast to the Airbus A321 which has 4 full doors on either side of the fuselage. Even in an all economy 189 seat maximum, seat pitch would be a generous 34 inches. Boeing's research showed that the 737-900 could make a substitute for most routes flying a 757. Airlines however shied away from it and only 54 were sold as of August 2006 compared to over 270 for the A321 during the same period. The 900 can still be ordered but the much improved ER version should prove more popular.

The direct Airbus equivalent is the A321, though the 737-900 is slightly smaller.

In August 2006 a total of 52 Boeing 737-900 aircraft (all versions) were in airline service, with 80 further firm orders. The aircraft is operated by: Jet Airways (2), Korean Air (16), Shenzhen Airlines (5), KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (5), Alaska Airlines (12) and Continental Airlines (12, plus 12 orders). Airlines with firm orders are: Lion Air (60), SpiceJet (5) and Sky Airlines (3).[2]

737-900ER

This is the newest addition to the Boeing 737 family and was introduced to meet the range and passenger capacity of the discontinued 757-200 (the B757-300 model will be replaced by the new 787 Dreamliner), with new exit doors and fuel tanks. The rear pressure bulkhead was flattened and there were other aerodynamic changes over the -900 variant, including the incorporation of the Short Field Performance package mentioned above.

Its advanced wing aerofoil design provides an economic cruise speed of Mach 0.78 with sprint capability of Mach 0.82. Lion Air of Indonesia launched the 737-900ER. An executive conversion is offered as the BBJ3.

The 737-900ER typically seats 180 passengers in a 2-class configuration, but in a single-class layout seats up to 215 passengers. Powered by the same CFMI CFM56-7 engines as the -700ER model, the 900ER has a range of 5,900km (3,200 nautical miles). Final assembly of the first Boeing 737-900ER began in June 2006.

The 900ER was rolled out of the Renton, WA factory on August 8, 2006 for its launch customer, Lion Air.

Military variants

The Boeing 737 has also been popular as a military variant. There are several versions of the 737 with these special duties:

T-43, a 737-200 - Used to train aircraft navigators for the U.S. Air Force. Some were modified into CT-43s which are used to transport passengers.
C-40A Clipper, a 737-700C - The U.S. Navy's replacement for the C-9 Skytrain II. The C-40B and C-40C are used by the U.S. Air Force for transport of Generals and other senior leaders.
Project Wedgetail, a 737-700IGW (roughly similar to the 737-700ER) - This is an AEW&C version of the 737NG. Australia is the first customer, with Turkey, South Korea, and Italy anticipated.
P-8 Poseidon, a 737-800ERX - On June 14, 2004, Boeing's Integrated Defense Systems division beat Lockheed Martin in the contest to replace the P-3 Orion maritime patrol aircraft. Eventual orders may exceed 100 from the U.S. Navy. The P-8 is unique in that it has 767-400ER-style raked wingtips, instead of the blended winglets available on other 737NG variants.
SLAMMR: Maritime reconnaissance/transport aircraft, fitted with SLAMMAR (side-looking multi-mission airborne radar.) Three aircraft were sold to the Indonesian Air Force.
Lockheed CATBird, a 737-300, modified with the nose of a Lockheed F-35 Lightning II, a pair of canards, and (inside) an F-35 cockpit; to be used to flight test the F-35's complete avionics suite.

Many countries operate the 737 Passenger and Cargo variants in government or military applications.

* Brazil, Chile, India, Indonesia, Kuwait, Mexico, Niger, Peru, South Korea, Taiwan (Air Force One of Taiwan), Thailand, United Arab Emirates, United States (Air Force, Navy), Venezuela.

Recent accidents

* January 3, 2004 - Flash Airlines, Flight 604, a 737-300 crashed shortly after take-off from Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt killing all 148 passengers and crew. [1]
* February 3, 2005 - Kam Air, Flight 904, a 737-200 crashed into a mountain 20 miles (30 km) east of Kabul, Afghanistan killing all 96 passengers and eight crew. [2]
* August 14, 2005 - Helios Airways, Flight 522, a 737-300 crashed after cabin decompression and crew loss of consciousness, north of Athens, killing all 121 passengers and crew.
* August 23, 2005 - TANS Peru, Flight 204, a 737-200 crashed during a storm in the Peruvian jungle, killing 40 of the 92 passengers and six crew. [3]
* September 5, 2005 - Mandala Airlines, Flight 091, a 737-200 crashed in Medan, Indonesia, killing 102 of the 117 passengers and crew, plus 47 more on the ground. [4]
* October 22, 2005 - Bellview Airlines, Flight 210, a 737-200 crashed shortly after take-off from Lagos, Nigeria, killing all 111 passengers and six crew. [5]
* December 8, 2005 - Southwest Airlines, Flight 1248, a 737-700 slid off the runway during a heavy snowstorm landing at Chicago's Midway Airport killing one person on the ground.[6]
* September 29, 2006 - Gol Transportes A?reos, Flight 1907, a 737-800 Brazilian airliner with 154 people on board went down following a collision with a Embraer Legacy 600. All on board the 737 were killed. The Legacy managed to land safely at a Brazilian Air Force Base. [7]
* October 29, 2006 - ADC Airlines, Flight 53, a 737-200 crashed during a storm shortly after takeoff from Abuja, Nigeria. All but seven of the 104 passengers and crew are reported to have perished. [8]

Accidents summary

Statistics as of December 12, 2005:

* Hull-loss Accidents: 114 with a total of 3182 fatalities
* Other occurrences: 6 with a total of 242 fatalities
* Hijackings: 96 with a total of 325 fatalities

Controversy

* On August 21 2006 Sky News alleged that Boeing's Next Generation 737s built from 1994 to 2002 contained defective parts. The report stated that various parts of the airframe produced by Ducommun were found to be defective by Boeing employees but that Boeing refused to take action. Boeing said that the allegations were "without merit".[5]

Trivia

* The popularity of the 737 can be traced in large part to its use by Southwest Airlines, which has been a launch customer on the -300, -500, and -700 variants. Southwest uses no other aircraft type and accounts for over 9% of the total number of delivered 737 aircraft.
* The Boeing 737s has several nicknames:
o The first 737s were nicknamed, "The Baby Boeing" because it looked like a baby 707 to many pilots.
o An additional early nickname was "Fat Albert" since it was only a foot longer in length than the wing span.
o The 737 has also been nicknamed the "flying football" due its resemblance to the shape of an American football.
o At United Airlines the 737 is nicknamed "Guppy".
* Engines on the 737 Classic series (300,400,500) and Next-Generation series (600, 700, 800, 900) do not have circular inlets, as most aircraft do. Engineers needed additional space to locate equipment on the more powerful engines, but because the 737 sits lower to the ground than most aircraft, the enlarged engine would sit too close to the ground. Instead, the engineers placed equipment on the engine's sides, giving the engine a pronounced triangular shape. Boeing and CFM International, the engine manufacturer, claim that the triangular shape actually yields slightly improved performance. The necessary nacelle redesign is known in the industry as "hamsterisation", because of the resemblance of the shape to the rodent.
* The 737 uses the same basic fuselage as the 707, 727 and 757.
* Most 737 cockpits are equipped with "eyebrow windows" positioned above the main glareshield. Eyebrow windows were a feature of the original 707. They allowed for greater visibility in turns, and offered better sky views if navigating by stars. With modern avionics, they became redundant, and many pilots actually placed newspapers or other objects in them to block out sun glare. They were eliminated from the 737 cockpit design in 2004.
* Southwest Airlines is actually in the process of plugging the "eyebrow windows" on their entire fleet of 737's. New aircraft delivered from Boeing after 2004 come without "eyebrow windows."
* Blended winglets are currently a very popular retrofit on the 737. These winglets stand approximately 8 feet tall and are installed at the end of the main wings. They help aerodynmics (resulting in reduced fuel burn, less engine wear, and less noise on take offs).
* The fuselage of the 737 actually has a smaller diameter than that of the engine nacelle of the GE90-115B turbo-fan jet engine. The GE90-115B is used to power the Boeing 777-200LR and 777-300ER.
* The 737 has no full doors covering the main landing gear. The main landing gear (under the wings at mid-cabin), rotate into wells in the plane's belly, the legs being covered by partial doors, and "brush-like" seals aerodynamically smooth (or "fair") the wheels in the wells. The sides of the tires are exposed to the air in flight. "Hub caps" complete the aerodynamic profile of the wheels, but is forbidden to operate without them, because they are actually links to the ground speed sensor that interfaces with the anti-skid brake system. When observing a 737 take off, or at low altitude, the dark circles of the tires can be plainly seen. Boeing states that this design saves weight and reduces complexity.
* With the number of 737s in use, it is estimated that one 737 takes-off every 5 seconds somewhere in the world.
* 737s are not equipped with fuel dump systems. Depending upon the nature of the emergency, 737s either circle to burn-off fuel or land overweight.
* "737" is the first lyric in the song Travelin' Band, recorded by rock band Creedence Clearwater Revival.
* The 737 has carried the equivalent of the world's population, about 7 billion passengers.[6]

References

1. "737 Facts", Boeing. Retrieved on 2006-10-30.
2. a b c d e f g h Flight International, 3-9 October 2006
3. Boeing Launches Longest-Range 737 with ANA
4. Boeing 737 Description, accessed Nov 23, 2006
5. "Report alleges faulty parts in jets", United Press International, 2006-08-21. Retrieved on 2006-08-22.
6. "Boeing 737 New Generation Twin-Engine Airliner, USA", aerospace-technology.com. Retrieved on 2006-10-30.

Source: This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Boeing 737".



737 Specifications

Measurement 737-100 737-400 737-500 737-600 737-800
Length 28.6 m or 94' 36.5 m or 119' 6" 31.1 m or 101' 8" 31.2 m or 102' 6" 39.5 m or 129' 6"
Span 28.3 m or 93' 28.9 m or 94' 8" 28.9 m or 94' 8" 34.3m or 112' 7" 34.3m or 112' 7"
Height 11.3 m or 37' 11.1 m or 36' 5" 11.1 m or 36' 5" 12.6 m or 41' 3" 12.5 m or 41' 2"
Weight empty 28,120 kg
61,864 lbs.
33,200 kg
73,040 lbs.
31,300 kg
68,860 lbs.
36,378 kg
80,031 lbs.
41,413 kg
91,108 lbs.
Maximum take-off weight 49,190 kg or 108,218 lbs. 68,050 kg or 149,710 lbs. 60,550 kg or 133,210 lbs. 66,000 kg or 145,500 lbs. 79,010 kg or 174,200 lbs.
Cruising speed mach 0.79 mach 0.78 mach 0.78 mach 0.785 mach 0.785
Maximum speed mach 0.81 mach0.81 mach 0.81 mach 0.81 mach 0.81
Range fully loaded 3,440 km or 1,860 nm 4,005 km or 2,165 nm 4,444 km or 2,402 nm 5,648 km or 3,050 nm 5,665 km or 3,060 nm
Max. fuel capacity 17,860 litres
4,725 USG
23,170 litres
6,130 USG
23,800 litres
6,296 USG
26,020 litres
6,875 USG
26,020 litres
6,875 USG
Engines PW JT8D-7 CFM56-3B-2 CFM56-3B-1 CFM56-7 CFM56-7
Thrust 19,000 lbs. 18,500 lbs 22,000 lbs. 22,700 lbs. 27,300 lbs.
Cockpit Crew Two Two Two Two Two

  • Cabin and fuselage cross section (all models): [4]
    • External width: 12 ft 4 in (3.76 m)
    • Internal width: 11 ft 7 in (3.54 m)
    • External height: 13 ft 6 in (4.11 m)
    • Internal height: 7 ft 3 in (2.20 m)



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